## In this lesson you will learn different ways to contrast numbers without relationships

## In any chart or graph you have numbers which you must describe. Remember that the TASK is to say what is different about the numbers (Contrast) and to say what is the same about them too (Compare).

Let us look at these TWO NUMBERS:

30 (Number A)

35 (Number B)

There are several ways to say that these two numbers are different.

For example:

Number A is smaller than Number B or Number B is bigger than Number A

How many other ways can you think of?

Now that you have seen that there are a few different ways of describing how two numbers are different, what do you notice about the language?

SPOT THE MISTAKE!

Look at the contrast between these two numbers and see if you can see what the mistake is:

50 (Number A)

45 (Number B)

Number A is lower than number B.

**MISTAKE STOPPER**

This is a common mistake when contrasting two numbers, but to stop making a mistake REMEMBER to decide which number you are starting with. It is that number that you are contrasting with the other number. For example if we start with Number A, we can see it is bigger than Number B so we can use any of the words in the BIG COLUMN (SEE BELOW).

So we can say NUMBER A IS HIGHER THAN NUMBER B or NUMBER A IS BIGGER THAN NUMBER B.

Small Big

Less/ more than

Lower/ higher than

Smaller/ bigger than

**Get More Marks**

If you can be more specific when describing numbers you will get more marks, but how can you be more specific with numbers like:

50 (Number A)

45 (Number B)

We can say that one number is *SLIGHTLY* higher/bigger/more than another. This means that the number is bigger, but not by a lot, maybe by no more than 5 or 6.

Number A is slightly bigger than Number B OR Number A is a little higher than Number B.

**YOUR TURN**

Now write a sentence for the same numbers above, but beginning with Number B.

Now look at these two numbers:

50 (Number A)

70 (Number B)

When there is a BIG DIFFERENCE, but still no direct relationship like with the numbers 50 and 100 for example, we can say that one number is SIGNIFICANTLY lower/smaller/less than another number.

This means that the number is bigger by quite a lot, maybe by about 10 or 20.

Describing Number A

Number A is significantly lower than Number B OR Number A is significantly less than Number B.

**YOUR TURN**

Now write a sentence for the same numbers above, but beginning with Number B.

**LESSON SUMMARY**

This lesson has shown you what language we use to describe numbers that DO NOT HAVE A RELATIONSHIP in IELTS Writing Task 1.

• We start with one number

• Find another number to contrast it against

• Look at whether the first number is bigger or smaller than the second number

• Then use one of the words in the correct column to describe it

• If there is only a small difference we can use the word SLIGHTLY in front of the word

• If there is a big difference we can use the word SIGNIFICANTLY in front of the word

**IELTS EXAM PRACTICE**

Look at the following TABLE

Country SPORT REALITY NEWS QUIZ SHOWS

UK 50 20 90 100

USA 70 25 80 80

CHINA 55 30 70 85

*Title: The number of people who watch different types of television programmes in three different countries per month. Numbers in thousands.*

WRITING TASK 1 PRACTICE

Now let us put the language you have just learnt into practice.

This is a **table** which you might find in WRITING TASK 1. If we look at the table we can see there are three countries and four different types of television programmes. The numbers relate to the number of different people in the three countries in thousands who watch the programmes.

WRITING TASK 1 SENTENCES

Look at this typical sentence which you will write in WRITING TASK 1:

The number of people who watch reality programmes in the UK is slightly more than the number of people who watch it in USA.

The contrast is joined with two parts:

the number of people who…in… & the number of people who…in…

**I CAN WRITE IT!**

Write two CONTRASTING sentences like the above ones for the category of SPORT:

CONGRATULATIONS YOU HAVE COMPLETED CONTRASTING NUMBERS WITHOUT RELATIONSHIPS.

For more info on IELTS writing task click here: http://www.ieltspodcast.com/general-task-1-sample-essays/