A great essay!

Improvement in health, education and trade are essential for the development of poorer nations.  However, the government of richer nations should take more responsibly for helping the poorer nations in such areas.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

The process of globalization has accelerated the growth of economies across the world. In my opinion, to maintain this rate of progress, developed nations should support less developed countries with basic facilities such as health, education and trade. This essay will discuss some arguments in support of my view.

First of all, wealthier countries should contribute their intellectual resources towards the growth of poor nations by providing them with educational and training opportunities.  For this, student visa requirements could be relaxed which will allow low income citizens to acquire skills from these advanced nations.  For example, Germany is a leading nation in automobile engineering, but has the strictest education visa rules that restrict impoverished people’s opportunities to learn there.  On the contrary, if there were fewer admission requirements, more students from developing countries would be able to educate themselves and contribute more to their respective nations.

Furthermore, relaxing tariffs and trade barriers by rich countries could also help the struggling nations to increase their exports and consequently encourage their domestic industries. In this way, local manufacturers would be able to market their products to overseas populations and increase earnings for their countries.  For instance, India has considerable expertise in the Khadi industry, but trade restrictions from the European Union prohibit local Indian producers from supplying their products abroad. In contrast, reduced limitations by advanced nations would allow the local suppliers to make more money for their countries.

In conclusion, established countries should assist the poor nations in providing basic utilities to their people by allowing them to study at their advanced institutions and by reducing the mutual trade resistance.       

Another on marketing!

There is no shortage of debate regarding whether international marketing is to be considered invasive and intrusive or to be deemed as a crucial means to increase sharing of ideas, languages and culture. While it is true that international marketing often results in the closure of domestic businesses, this essay advocates it as the best way to reach a fairer and more united world. Both views shall be discussed in more detail below.

Firstly, there is little doubt that international market constitutes a limit to the authority of the states. This is due to two main factors. First, goods that are sold internationally are always competitors of products manufactured within the state’s borders. This competition often makes impossible for the state to enforce specific policies. For instance a relevant increase in taxation can result in a dramatic decrease of the amount of goods sold which were internally produced because the higher expenses usually drive the country’s producers outside the market. Second it is almost impossible for a state to totally abandon the world’s market. States have already made several attempts in this sense but all of them have failed because their national economies had become soon isolated and unproductive. Therefore it is a matter of facts that a state has to deal with international marketing.

Nevertheless, it is also true that a restriction of a state’s power is not necessarily followed by negative effects. Often consumers heavily benefit from international marketing in various ways. A first beneficial effect of the international sale of goods is that there is a great variety of products readily available which can solve a multitude of purposes. Further, the increased competition among the companies is followed by a general decrease in prices. In addition there are also great benefits which are not immediately related to economic advantages. For instance the possibility to ship different foods globally has made the choice of restaurant wider and more colorful. Despite what was common in the past it is now possible to enjoy several different cuisines while remaining in the same city. This helped not only to create awareness of healthier diets but also increased the overall ability to appreciate different cultures.

To sum up, while it is clear that a state must face the issue of international marketing it also true that this phenomenon has clearly displayed several beneficial effects and thus it is inappropriate to unilaterally condemn it.

A task one!

The bar graph illustrates the number of pet owners living in several areas, namely Wales, Canada, America, Ireland, Scotland and England from 1990 to 1998.

It is notable that, for the majority of the given period, Scotland hosts the largest number of people living with domesticated animals, and Ireland generally has the smallest number, regardless of the given year.

Looking at the chart more closely, one can see that the number of people with pets fluctuates in most regions except for Scotland and England. To be specific, slightly over 100,000 people owned a pet in both England and Scotland, and those values remained relatively stable over 8 years. By contrast, the number of Welsh residents who have a pet changes year by year.

The overall English figure is the lowest in both 1990 and 1995 at slightly less than 100,000, but reaches almost twice that in 1993 and 1997.

First Essays!

It is often stated that people within a family interact less these days than they would a decade ago, especially in urban societies. I totally agree with this opinion and will give examples in support of my argument in this essay.

Many families seem to lack sufficient time to be able discuss things among themselves. This is because, in modern society, the majority of people working hard either to earn money or to pursue their dreams of achieving something noticeable. In other words, parents are working longer hours at offices or businesses, and children are spending more time studying to fulfill their aspirations. A recent study by the WHO has shown that people are working 20% more than they were only ten years ago. As a result, interaction within family units has reduced significantly.

Furthermore, there are many activities that keep people occupied. Social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter consume a considerable portion of an average person’s day, leaving less time for family communication. In the same way, substantial time is consumed by mobile phone usage. Numerous studies have consistently shown that a person, on average, spends 2-3 hours a day on social media and mobile phones. This means that whatever free time people have is used up by these activities leading to minimal interaction with relatives.

To conclude, from the examples and arguments given, I firmly believe that families spend less time together in recent times which is not a positive development. However, considering the current lifestyles trend this is likely to continue into the future.



Parents are often divided as to whether it is better to involve their children in more enjoyable activities for their purported benefits over reading for the development of creative thinking and skills. However, it seems to me that both reading and play are equally important. This essay will analyse this perspective using examples of popular sports stars to demonstrate points and support arguments.

Encouraging children to do activities that enrich their creativity and improve skills which cannot be acquired through reading is crucial for their future, especially in this fast-changing world. Exercises such as playing computer games can possibly benefit youngsters to better their coordination and reflexes. In the same way, mind games such as chess may bring out the creative thinking in a child. A recent study by Harvard has shown that many well-known sports personalities, the likes of Roger Federer, have been encouraged to participate in these kinds of activities in their early years which helped them to reach their potential. Above all, children generally like doing these exercises as they are more enjoyable than mundane reading.

Admittedly, most children appear to show little interest in education. This is due to the fact that reading is not as entertaining as playful activities are, and possibly because they are unaware of its significance in life. Nevertheless, their attitude towards reading can be changed by altering the methods of teaching to make learning a more amusing and engaging activity. A survey by Cambridge University has revealed that 40% of children develop interest in studies because they perceived learning to be a fun activity.

To conclude, from the examples and arguments given, I strongly believe that study skills are as important as creativity for the children because each of these seems to complement each other and help learn difficult critical skills

International Marketing

Marketing on an international basis is considered invasive according to some, while others think that it is essential since it provides an affordable means for education as well as facilitates the spread of new ideas, language and culture. While this essay strongly advocates global marketing, the values of other nations must always be considered. Both viewpoints shall be discussed in more detail below.

People who hold the view that international marketing is intrusive and invasive believe that this type of marketing will result in the exploitation of local resources, especially in underdeveloped and developing countries. These countries have many untapped natural resources owing to the lack of financial means; therefore, multinational companies, through international marketing, try to exploit those resources. Furthermore, it might acquaint those companies with a nation’s internal policies, financial assets, business plans as well as border protection power. If this sort of information leaks, it might either result in the collapse of economic powers or overtaking political powers of a particular country.

On the other hand, it is often believed that international marketing opens up the possibilities to share business ideas among nations. It is beneficial for all nations particularly for those national which lacks financial means to discover and prosperous those ideas. Similarly, it will make other nations who do not have enough economical knowledge, familiar with economical terms such as gross benefit, fluctuation, and peak and fall in the market. Also, the flow of manpower between nations makes it possible to exchange cultural and linguistic terms among nations.

In conclusion, although international marketing may result in the takeover of a country’s political power and natural resources, it also encourages nations to exchange innovative ideas and results in the amalgamation of culture and language.


Copyright law

While some people believe that copyright law restricts creativity, this essay supports intellectual property protection and suggests that society would function poorly without it. This essay will analyze the idea by using examples such as revenue generation and the importance of law.

Firstly, creativity is encouraged by some famous websites such as Sony, iTunes and Youtube. This may be due to the fact that it helps them to generate money through exposures, advertisements and links selling. For example, a recent study by a Hollywood musical department showed that 500 million dollars was earned by iTunes and YouTube by enforcing copyright associated fees. Therefore, it can be observed that by permitting the new version of original material, it incentivises creativity to generate money.

Secondly,.in order to save the original art frame such rules and regulations are necessary. This is because individuals would be free to copy another's work and took all credit himself.This will reduce the enthusiasm of creators and reduce productivity. For instance, a study by world musical association showed that, in the USA, a famous culture band JAL lost around 100 million dollars to piracy. However, by blocking all reuse, people must all out new art frame,new audiences,new distribution channels and new revenue streams. As a result, it is seen that protocols are prominent for providing safety of artist's emotions but spreading joy through technology is much worthy.

Conclusion, I firmly believe that creativity should be rewarded in order to obtain experience, spread joy and earn money. However, websites must not allow vulgar creativity on internet.

Task 1

The bar chart shows the proportions of total calorie intake of UK males of three age groups from four energy sources: dairy, meat, pulses,and vegetables.

Overall. It can be seen from the chat that calorie intake from all sources varies with different age groups. Nevertheless, vegetables were eaten least frequently.

Although calorie intake from dairy products was more than two fifths of the total in the age group 0-24, it was around 20% among people who were aged 25-49, and 15% for those who were over 50. In addition, around half of the calories consumed by those aged 25-49 were from meat, while for the other age groups it comprised roughly one fifth.

Moreover, those under 25 years old and those aged 25-49 ate pulses at ratios of 18% and 10% respectively, whereas nearly two thirds of energy was taken by older people from pulses. Although eating vegetables was common in the youngest group, this was lower for each subsequent age group.

Two More!

Some people are of the opinion that the development of technology should be unrestricted and that humans should constantly adjust to emerging devices, whereas others believe that new technologies should only be developed according to existing human need and ability. This essay advocates the latter opinion since new devices will be ignored by the masses if they are not user-friendly; I will support the argument by exploring well-known examples of iPhones and software which both have friendly interfaces adjusted to the human hand for intuitive use and functionality, encouraging intellectual development.

Successful technology should be designed to accommodate people’s abilities. Even the most novel ideas can be popularised given that they are user-friendly. For example, according to Steve Jobs, the popularity of the iPhone was the result of the intuitive interface that is sensitive to finger movements which allows a user immediate access to a variety of useful functions, including browsing the Internet. Therefore, it is much more important for technological developments to be adjusted to human abilities rather than create difficulties concerning usability, lest new inventions go unadopted.

Despite the fact that the digital technology era has simplified some difficult intellectual tasks, it provides even more means for people to utilise their mental abilities. Modern software, for instance, comprises of tools which can be used in order to train logical thinking and memory in children; similar benefits are also observed in older age. A recent study conducted by the Australian Medical Association shows that people over 70 who play computer games using virtual reality glasses maintain their short term memory and processing skills longer than those who do not employ the PC for any tasks. Thus, it is clear that technologies are not detrimental but rather beneficial for fostering cognitive development.

It can be concluded that ideal technologies should be adjusted to consumers’ needs without creating  problems in their usage and it is agreed that developments in the digital world offer tools which can expand the intellectual potential rather than confine it.

The bar chart provides information on the predicted number of visitors from Mexico, Canada and the USA in 2018 to four capital cities in Europe, namely London, Paris, Madrid and Istanbul.

As can be seen from the chart, travellers from the USA will be most active with the highest number of visitors Paris. The least total number of visitors to Europe is expected to come from Mexico, and the half of them are projected to travel to Madrid.

In 2018, there are thought to be 100,000 people from the USA who will visit Paris. London will attract 80,000 Americans, whereas Madrid and Istanbul will welcome 70 and 60 thousand respectively. In contrast, Istanbul will be the most popular attraction for tourists originating from Canada (70,000), followed by the other destinations receiving between 30,000 and 50,000 Canadian travellers. The lowest predicted number of tourists to London, Paris and Istanbul will arrive from Mexico, although they will show more interest in visiting Madrid (about 60,000).

International Marketing

Some people perceive international marketing to be invasive and intrusive into the target country, while others consider it a necessity in order to affordably spread ideas and culture all over the world. This essay advocates global marketing but cautions that it must be employed respectfully. Both sides of the argument shall be discussed in more detail below.

On the one hand, it is true that international marketing can be seen as invasive. Indeed, lately, international brands have gained a significant share of local markets, putting small local producers in danger. In the fashion industry, brands such as Bershka, Pull and Bear and Zara can be found in almost every mall in the world. Since the arrival of these brands in Romania, fewer people are buying from the Romanian hand-made producers, who cannot compete with the low prices of these brands. The closure of domestic enterprise could easily be perceived as cultural erosion from the perspective of the native people.

On the other hand, others emphasize the advantages of this type of marketing. They see the opportunity for culture sharing and open-mindness. In fact, the products made in one country carry with them the culture of the originating country. For instance, in the 1980’s, Coca-cola, an American brand, became prevalent in Europe. Notwithstanding the fact that it was only a soda, it brought to Europe the “American Dream”. For French people, it was a way of tasting the American culture. This exposure to foreign cultures at no cost would have been impossible before international marketing.

To sum up, international marketing has its downsides, as the global brands can sometimes endanger local businesses. But in the meantime, it is a way of sharing our culture around the globe and by doing so, discovering new mindsets or ways of living on a day-to-day basis.

Education and Spending!

Traditional schooling is out of date, boring and stifles a child’s natural talents, various professionals have pushed for an education revolution. Are there alternatives in the education system? Is traditional education doing more harm than good?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Although many conservative people say that conventional schools are beneficial to society, I believe that the educational system needs modernization as many students find it uninteresting and suppressing of their natural proclivities. In this essay I will discuss both points using examples from Canadian schools  and  Jordan.

The teacher centered educational method is sometimes tedious for students as it failing to engage them in the learning process and resultantly stifles their skills. The  result is that many students have low academic abilities and poor exam results. For example, a recent study by the government of Jordan in 2012 found that 70% of students who finish high school have low final grades. Therefore, the conventional method of teaching has a negative impact on the professional future of students and on society in general.

The modern educational system could adapt new technology to create a fun environment that makes student eager to come to school and enjoy learning. By introducing the internet and digital media into schools, students will learn where to find the right knowledge and how to digest it with help from their teachers. For instance, a study done by the educational board in Canada in 2016  showed that students in schools which use digital programs such as RAZKIDS and Dream box, which help students in reading and learning math, have 50% higher achievement in tests compared to other schools students. As a consequence of creating a more engaging curriculum, student abilities in reading and math improved significantly.

In conclusion, from the example and arguments given, I firmly believe that following an updated educational system would have positive implications for the student’s creative abilities and intellectual capacity. In future, the adaptation of modern educational system into schools will only increase.


Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.


The three pie charts present data about local authority spending on six areas in three regions of the UK in 2014.

Overall, the largest proportion of spending in all three regions was on leisure and education, whereas spending on social services and community care fluctuated depending on the region. Contributions to environment were almost the same in all regions.

Looking at the details, the largest spending in Derbyshire was on leisure at nearly one third; education comprised one quarter of expenditure, whereas almost nothing was allocated to social services. The other two areas had similar distributions of around 10%. Yorkshire and Lancashire had a broadly similar pattern of spending, whereby allocation for education was just above one third. Leisure’s share stood at around 25%, whereas the other four areas had nearly identical contributions.